CBD interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) to deliver a variety of different benefits. There’s a lot of biology and chemistry involved in explaining exactly how it works. We’ll provide a more basic explanation here.
Your body produces some cannabinoids on its own (endocannabinoids). Endocannabinoids help manage functions like sleep, immune system response, pain management and more. Taking CBD products helps supplement endocannabinoid production, while also delivering cannabinoids not produced by the body (phytocannabinoids).
- Endocannabinoids are produced by the body
- Phytocannabinoids are naturally-occurring in cannabis plants
When absorbed and processed by the body, CBD interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors located throughout the body. It doesn’t bind with these receptors like endocannabinoids, but affects them indirectly instead. For example, CBD has been shown to interact with TRPV1 receptors, which control pain perception, body temperature and inflammation.
Scientists are learning how exactly phytocannabinoids interact with ECS receptors, but we do know it involves forms of inhibition. The more we learn about how they work, the clearer their benefits become.